Most motors work by electromagnetism, but there are electric motors based on other electromechanical phenomena, such as electrostatic force. The fundamental principle in which the electromagnetic motors are based is that there is a mechanical force in any wire when it is carrying the electricity contained within a magnetic field. The force is described by the Lorentz force law and is perpendicular to the wire and to the magnetic field. In a rotating electromagnetic motor 10 horsepower 215TC frame the rotor is the element that rotates already the stator is the fixed element. The rotor rotates because the wires and the magnetic field are arranged so that a torque is developed over the rotor center line.
Electromagnetic phenomena are produced by moving electrical charges, and electric charge, as well as mass, is an essential quality of matter that has two varieties called positive and negative. Two electric charges of the same signal repel each other, while opposite signals attract each other. The force of this exchange is directly proportional to the amount of charge and inversely proportional to the square of the distance separating them. To understand the existence of these forces we adopted the notion of the electric field created around a charge.